Tag: Suggested Reading

Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania

Trichotillomania, a disorder of chronic hair pulling, is classified in the Diagnostic Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV) as an impulse control disorder. The individual experiences a recurrent and generally irresistible urge to engage in hair pulling, resulting in significant hair loss. This may occur at multiple sites, most often on the scalp, [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Transsexuality

Transsexuality

Transsexuality is a clinical diagnosis representing the most extreme manifestation of gender dysphoria—a psychological condition in which a person’s gender identity is opposite that of their assigned sex at birth. Simply stated, the individual believes that they were born into the wrong body, a situation that occurs in approximately equal frequency for individuals originally assigned [...]

September 29, 2011 More

Transgenderism

A simple definition of transgenderism is any form of dress and/or behavior interpreted as contravening traditional gender roles. Transgenderism comprises a diverse collection of individuals expressing one of three basic facets. First, there are those who transform to the opposite gender within the heteronormative dichotomy. (Heteronormativity describes a binary gender system, in which only two [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis, caused by a one-celled parasite called Toxoplasma gondii (T gondii), is one of the most widespread infections in the world, affecting roughly 50% of the world’s population, regardless of gender. Generally a mild, harmless infection, tox-oplasmosis is of grave concern to two groups of patients: pregnant women and those with suppressed immune systems, due [...]

September 29, 2011 More

Toxic Shock Syndrome

Toxic shock syndrome is a serious illness that occurs in response to the absorption of a bacterium called Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) into the general circulation. Most cases occur in women who are menstruating. In order for toxic shock syndrome to develop, the person must be colonized with the bacterium Staph aureus and there must be [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Tobacco

Tobacco

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, there are many species of tobacco plants; the tabacum species is the major source of tobacco products today. Tobacco products include cigarettes, cigars, pipes, and smokeless tobacco. According to the 1999 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse, 57 million Americans are current smokers and 7.6 million use [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Thyroid Diseases

Thyroid Diseases

PHYSIOLOGY The thyroid gland secretes the hormones T4 (thyroxine) and T3 (triiodothyronine) which then control metabolism. These hormones act on a wide variety of tissues and in each organ may have slightly different effects. Thyroid hormone secretion is under the control of thyrotropin (a thryoid-stimulating hormone, TSH) which is secreted by the pituitary gland. The [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research of the National Institutes of Health indicates that 10.8 million people in the United States suffer from temporomandibular joint (TMJ) problems at any given time. While both men and women experience Temporomandibular joint problems, 90% of those seeking treatment are women in their childbearing years. Temporomandibular joint [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Teen Pregnancy

Teen Pregnancy

Currently, approximately 15 million girls under the age of 20 in the world have a child each year. Estimates are that 20-60% of these pregnancies in developing countries are mistimed or unwanted. In the united States, the percent of teenage pregnancies that are unintended is estimated at 78%. The rates of teen pregnancy are not [...]

September 28, 2011 More

Tay-Sachs Disease

Tay-Sachs disease (TSD) is a fatal genetic disorder named after Warren Tay (1843-1927) and Bernard Sachs (1858-1944). Tay was a British ophthalmologist who, in 1881, described the occurrence of cherry-red spots (“Tay’s spots”) on the retinas of three siblings. Sachs was an American neurologist who, in 1887, described cellular changes occurring in the disorder. Sachs [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Tampon

Tampon

Tampons are used to collect menstrual fluid. They are made of either synthetic fibers such as rayon or natural fibers such as cotton. These fibers are manufactured into a compact tubular shape that allows for easy insertion into the vagina. Tampons come in different levels of absorbency. This allows the woman to select the tampon [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune, multisystem disease with a wide variety of symptoms. The primary immunological defect is the production of antibodies against one’s own self. These molecules cause tissue injury principally in the skin, joints, kidneys, nervous system, heart, and the lungs and surrounding linings. Systemic Lupus Erythematosus affects 1 in 2,000 [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Suicide

Suicide

Suicide is when a person intentionally ends his or her life. Over the ages society has had differing views regarding this act—from acceptance, in that this is a choice, to considering it as a sin. Currently it is felt that suicide is rather complex resulting from social stressors, psychology, and biological factors. In the United [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Substance Use

Substance Use

Human beings have used mood-altering drugs—or drugs of potential abuse—for hundreds of thousands of years. Their use is due to the fact that all these drugs directly or indirectly produce quick surges of a neurotransmitter or brain chemical called dopamine. Dopamine is a substance which when released in the brain results in a feeling of [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Student Health

Student Health

College students are a sizeable and diverse group of people. In 1995, one quarter of people in the United States between 18 and 24 years of age were either full- or part-time college students, making colleges and universities an important setting for addressing common health issues for young adults. In 2004, nearly 14 million students [...]

September 28, 2011 More

Stroke

Strokes are the third leading cause of death in the united States, following coronary heart disease and cancer. The Centers for Disease Control estimates that every 45 seconds, someone in the United States suffers a new or recurrent stroke; every 3.1 minutes, someone in the United States dies of a stroke. Overall, men are 1.6 [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Stress

Stress

The association between stress and health has been documented for decades. Stress can affect health both directly through its physiological effects and indirectly from maladaptive behaviors such as overeating or smoking. While great advances have been made in our understanding the role of stress and its deleterious effects on health, much still remains to be [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Stalking

Stalking

Stalking is a pattern of behaviors which includes repeated annoyance and harassment through unwanted contact with another person. Stalking is a form of violence and occurs in a wide variety of ways, including threatening or unwanted phone calls, following the victim home or to public places, damaging property, or constantly surveilling activities and whereabouts. Some [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Sports injuries

Sports injuries

Women have become increasingly involved in sporting activity over the past 30 years. In 1972, Title IX—a federal antidiscrimination law—led to a significant increase in female sports participation. The Title IX amendment prohibits gender discrimination in secondary and postsecondary educational institutions receiving federal funds. This has led to more women competing at the high school, [...]

September 28, 2011 More
Spirituality

Spirituality

Spirituality is not easily defined. By its very nature it is personal and private. Spirituality concerns our human awareness of and relationship to those aspects of life that are intangible. Spirituality involves our awareness of being a part of something greater and more powerful than ourselves, yet something we cannot touch or see. Unlike science, [...]

September 28, 2011 More