What Can Diabetes 1 Do to You?

November 12, 2012

What Can Diabetes 1 Do to You?

Diabetes 1 tends to occur when the immune system of the body destroys the pancreas cells that normally produce insulin. Usually, the immune system is in charge of fighting off foreign substances, like bacteria or viruses. However, for various unknown reasons, the immune system of people who have diabetes 1 attack different cells instead and this results in an insulin deficiency in the body.

A Closer Look at Insulin and Diabetes

Normally, the pancreas secretes a low amount of insulin. Whenever you eat something, the sugar in your food will stimulate the pancreas and make it release enough insulin in proportion to your food. In a nutshell, the primary role of insulin would be to help move nutrients like sugar around and into the body’s tissue cells. These cells will then use nutrients, like sugar, as an energy source in order to function properly.

Once the sugar gets into the cells, its amount inside the blood will decrease, signaling the pancreas to reduce the insulin amount that it secrets, so that the body’s blood sugar levels don’t drop and result in hypoglycemia. However, when beta cells are destructed in diabetes 1, this entire process goes whack.

People who have this kind of diabetes don’t get their sugar moved into these cells since there isn’t any insulin left. So, the sugar ends up building up inside of the blood instead and the cells of the body end up lacking nutrients. Because of this, other bodily systems will have to try and provide the energy that other vital functions of the body needs instead. And, when this happens, the people with diabetes 1 will develop higher blood sugar levels, which could then result in the following:

1. Bodily Damage

As time goes by, high sugar levels inside the blood might damage the small blood vessels and nerves of the heart, eyes, and kidneys, and predispose people to atherosclerosis, stroke and heart attack.

2. Dehydration

A buildup of sugar inside the blood could cause a person to urinate more because they will try to get rid of all of the sugar inside the body. Once the kidneys lose all of this glucose by urinating, however, a lot of water is lost, too. This could, in turn, cause dehydration.

3. Weight Loss

Sugar loss inside the urine could also result in a loss of important calories that normally provide the body with energy. Because of this, a lot of people with diabetes 1 end up losing an unhealthy amount of weight. Dehydration could be linked to this, too.

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