Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms

November 12, 2012

Urinary Tract Infection Symptoms

The bacteria which is in the digestive system is usually the cause of many urinary tract infections and it is thought this bacteria may be spread via the anus into the urethra.

When bacteria multiplies it can pass through to the urinary tract and cause infections, such as, ureteritis, cystitis, urethritis and pyelonephritis. Women tend to get more urinary tract infections than men as the urethra in women is positioned nearer to the anus than it is in men. The urethra in women is shorter than a male and this makes it easier for bacteria reaching the bladder in women.

There are typical urinary tract infection symptoms when women suffer from a lower urinary tract infection. Because of this a diagnosis can be quickly made by a doctor asking about the symptoms being experienced.

Lower urinary tract infection symptoms can include the following: backache, pain in the abdomen, feeling unwell, pelvic area feeling tender, passing cloudy and unpleasant smelling urine along with pain and needing to urinate often and urgently. The appearance of blood in the urine may also occur.

Symptoms of an upper urinary tract infection may include nausea and vomiting, diarrhea, shivers and a fever with a temperature of 100.4 ºF or 38°C. Pain may be experienced in the groin, back or side ranging from moderate to excessive. This pain may increase in levels when urinating.

It can be possible to experience lower urinary tract infection symptoms. This happens when the infection spreads from the kidneys to the lower urinary tract.

Upper urinary tract infection symptoms may cause problems. If an upper urinary tract infection is suspected it is best to visit the doctor. Also if the lower urinary tract infection symptoms fail to improve after a five day period or symptoms deteriorate quickly, contact the doctor.

There are risks of complications developing if the patient has any of the following:

  • Diabetes – Type 1 or Type 2

  • Immune system is weak because of chemotherapy or has HIV.

  • Kidney disease

  • Pregnancy

  • Kidney stones or a catheter

Lower urinary tract infections are normally treated by using antibiotics. Cases of upper urinary tract infections can also be treated with antibiotics. Severe and serious cases of infections in the upper urinary tract may develop in people who are at risk and treatment in hospital may be required if complications occur. To ease the pain associated with urinary tract infection symptoms, ibuprofen and paracetamol or other over the counter medicine can be used. It is very important to drink lots of fluids when suffering from a urinary tract infection.

Make sure you drink plenty of fluids as this will help to ease the symptoms of a fever. The symptoms of dehydration will also be prevented.

Symptoms of an upper urinary tract infection can be treated using paracetamol. But do not use NSAID (non steroidal anti inflammatory drug) medications, e.g. naproxen or ibuprofen. These drugs can raise the chances of complications arising in the kidneys.


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