Understand your Kidney Stones Symptoms

November 12, 2012

Understand your Kidney Stones Symptoms

Kidney stones are caused when the crystallized material such as salts and minerals from the kidney hardens and forms stones. This condition is exceptionally painful but is a relatively common yet serious urinary disease. Kidney stones symptoms can go unnoticed if the stones are small enough to be passed in the urine. These are known as ‘silent’ stones because they can go unobserved. However when the stones are too large then the symptoms will appear. Renal calculi is their medical term.

Kidney stones symptoms take many forms and can be from mild to severe depending on the size of the stones. The problems come when the stone gets stuck in the kidney or tries to pass down the ureter from the kidney to the bladder and then gets stuck because of its size. Both of these situations leave the patient open to infection.

If someone has this condition then they can have lots of kidney stones symptoms. These range from back pain or side pain and both can be very severe, the groin sometimes experiences pain too. However the pain will come and go in whichever area it is in and it can last for a short period of time or much longer. Then there will be times when no pain is experienced. The patient will be uncomfortable and restless and feel sick.

Other kidney stone symptoms include blood in the urine, foul smelling urine, an urge to urinate more often and a hot burning sensation when passing urine. The patient may also be running a high temperature of 38°C (100.4°F) or higher.

The kidney stones symptoms come as a direct result of the stone blocking the urinary tract, either in the ureter or from the bladder, the urethra. These conditions can cause swelling which increases the discomfort and pain. When the stone is stuck in the ureter, the medical term is renal colic.

A common cause of kidney stones is irregular and low protein diets and the stones are made from calcium oxalate or uric acid. Calcium oxalate is the most common substance with 80% of all kidney stones being formed of this. Kidney stones symptoms are very common in people with this condition and even if the stones pass through the urinary tract successfully the condition can still happen again. The way to reduce the risk of developing further kidney stones is to change lifestyle and eat healthily.

Researchers have identified that white sugar, tea, coffee, acid forming foods and spice and seasoning can all contribute to your likelihood of developing kidney stones.

The size of kidney stones can be as small as 2 or 3 mm across, but if they are in the ureter the patient will get kidney stones symptoms. Not only will they cause a blockage, they will cause the surrounding muscles to spasm in an effort to expel the stone which in turn causes pain and discomfort. In the longer term they may scratch the side of the ureter walls causing blood to be in the urine and increase the risk of infection.


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