Tooth decay prevention

November 12, 2012

Tooth decay prevention

There is a time when every person finds himself dealing with a dental problem. Decayed, chipped, fractured or discolored teeth, they make us search for a medical advice and a medical treatment.

One of the most common tooth affection is caries. Researchers have shown that 20 to 25% of all children, across all socio-economic groups, have high levels of decay bacteria in their mouths. Some other statistics have shown that 60 to 90% of all school-age children have dental caries or even periodontal disease. This situation is prevalent in developing countries. Because the statistics relate about these affections on children, worldwide specialists are becoming more aware of the poor health care within societies and the poor prevention information medical institutions are responsible of.

Is caries a disease?

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) dental caries is a pandemic. This means that it affects everyone around the world. Though considered a “chronic” disease, it is known to be the most preventable disease in the world. And even so, only in U.S. tooth decay is five times more common than asthma or seven times more common than hay fever.

People need to be aware that insignificant tooth decay can lead to severe dental caries, periodontal disease or even to the loss of teeth. They need to understand that maintaining oral health is much easier and less expensive than a full later treatment.

Prevention and protection

There are a few important steps anyone can take in order to prevent caries or other dental disease. These are:

  1. Brush your teeth at least twice a day after meals;

  2. Brush your teeth at least 3 to 5 minutes;

  3. Use the dental floss at least once a day;

  4. Ask your doctor for semiannual routine or prophylactic controls;

  5. Eat fruits and vegetables after every meal, especially when there is no possibility of tooth brushing;

  6. Always brush your teeth after eating foods with great quantities of sugar. Limit snacks, foods with carbohydrates and sticky foods. They are bad for your molars and they can stick on teeth for long periods;

  7. Use fluoride and reach in calcium tooth pastes. Some fluoride toothpastes also offer tartar control, which may help slow the formation of hard mineral buildup (tartar) on the teeth.

Correct brushing

Place the brush at a 45-degree angle on the surface of your teeth, where the teeth meet the gums. Hold the brush firmly, and gently move it back and forth using small circular movements. Do not scrub, because vigorous brushing can hurt your gums and make them pull away from the teeth. It can also scratch your tooth enamel. Brush all surfaces of the teeth. Pay special attention to the front teeth and all surfaces of the back teeth. The chewing surfaces must be brushed vigorously with short back-and-forth strokes. Do not forget about brushing your tongue it needs to be brushed from back to front. Some people put some toothpaste or mouthwash on their toothbrush when they do this. Brushing your tongue helps remove plaque, which can cause bad breath and help bacteria grow. Some toothbrushes now have a specific brush to use for your tongue.

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