Symptoms of Endometriosis

November 12, 2012

Symptoms of Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a painful condition, in which the lining of the uterus grows on the outside rather than the inside. There are a number of symptoms of endometriosis but fortunately there are also effective treatments.


Endometriosis can affect the ovaries, bowel and the tissue that lines the pelvis. The disorder typically is restricted to the pelvic region but in rare cases it has been known to spread further. The endometrial tissue although growing on the outside of the uterus rather than the inside of it, still functions as it normally would. It continues the usual process of thickening, breaking down and then bleeding with each menstrual cycle. The problem is that from outside of the uterus, the blood is trapped with no way to exit the body. This can cause pain and irritation and after some time will lead to scar tissue and adhesions. Long-term results of endometriosis can also include fertility issues. Treatments are available though, which can be started as soon as a diagnosis has been made.


Although there are a number of symptoms of endometriosis, the main one than women experience is pelvic pain, which is particularly bad during the time of menstruation. Although pelvic pain and cramping is common during menstruation, the pain caused as a results of the symptoms of endometriosis is much more extreme. It is generally believed that the pain gets worse each month. The most common symptoms of endometriosis that can occur include:

  • Dysmenorrhoea is the name given for painful periods. Pelvic pain including cramping, lower back pain and abdominal pain will occur starting before your period is due and continuing throughout it.

  • Pain during intercourse and lasting for a little while afterwards.

  • Pain during urination or bowel movements can also occur and will be more common and painful during your period.

  • Excessive bleeding, which can include unusually heavy periods or bleeding in between regular periods.

  • Infertility can be the first major sign in some women leading to the diagnosis of endometriosis.

  • Fatigue

  • Diarrhoea

  • Constipation

  • Bloating

  • Nausea

These symptoms of endometriosis are most likely to occur or to become more painful during periods. The level of pain experienced varies from woman to woman and has no reflection on the extent of the condition. The symptoms of endometriosis are also common in other conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian cysts and irritable bowel syndrome so it is fairly easy to be confused or misdiagnosed as another condition. Anyone experiencing symptoms of endometriosis should seek medical attention, as there is affective treatment available.

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