IVF Surrogacy Designed To Help Childless Couples To Have Families

November 12, 2012

IVF Surrogacy Designed To Help Childless Couples To Have Families

IVF surrogacy is a legal medical process to help women and couples, unable to conceive naturally, to conceive and have a baby with the help of a surrogate mother.

Whenever a couple is unable to conceive, they might turn to IVF surrogacy to help them begin a family. IVF surrogacy is when a woman is not able to carry a child herself and must have the help of another woman to carry her baby to term even with the help of traditional medical and surgical treatments and In Vitro fertilization.

What does this all mean? The surrogate is impregnated with the would-be mother’s partner’s sperm using the surrogate’s egg. Genetically, the surrogate is the mother, which raises several complicated legal and ethical issues.

IVF Surrogacy: How To Qualify

If a woman is to qualify for IVF surrogacy, she must have plenty of ovarian reserve but be unable to carry a pregnancy to term medically. Two instances where a woman would qualify include:

  • Medical condition that causes pregnancy to become life-threatening

  • Congenital deformity or absence of uterus

How To Be A Surrogate For A Woman

Couples looking to do IVF surrogacy must locate somebody that can carry a child and is willing to be pregnant for them. Surrogates can be any person the couple trusts and a complete stranger. Completely anonymity is impossible because of how long the woman will be pregnant for. Couple will need to carefully go through candidates to find the woman they feel comfortable with.

IVF Surrogacy Screening Tests

Before undergoing treatment, surrogates are fully screened to make sure there are no possible conditions that could result in pregnancy complications. These screening tests include the following:

  • Complete physical examination

  • Carful look into medical and family history

  • Psychological evaluation

  • Blood tests to rule of several diseases including but not limited to: Hepatitis B and C and HIV

  • Cervical cultures to look for organisms like urea plasma or chlamydia

  • Blood tests for thyroid stimulating hormone prolactin

  • Blood test of surrogate’s partner including all transmittable diseases

  • Uterus evaluation with a hysteroscopy

Intended partners will also need to do tests if the woman has yet to be diagnosed with fertility problems.

IVF Surrogacy Legal Agreements

IVF surrogacy is a very complicated process so it’s important to put together a contract both parties agree to before the process starts. Make sure it’s thorough and addresses all things that relate to the pregnancy and who the parents are going to be. It’s best to get separate attorneys since the interests are vastly different.

IVF Surrogacy: The In Vitro Fertilization Process

Both mom and surrogate mom will work with doctors to match up one another’s cycle. The mother will undergo an ovulation induction while the surrogate mother will take medications. Once eggs are ready, they’ll be harvested from the mother using an ultrasound-guided transvaginal aspiration. After this is done, they’ll be fertilized with the sperm of the would-be father and then implanted into the surrogate’s uterus. Embryos that are not used will be saved for later.

IVF Surrogacy and Pregnancy

The prospective parents should stay in constant touch with the surrogate mother during the duration of the pregnancy and offer her their unconditional support. Of course, how and the way they are involved needs to be talked about before the procedure is conducted.

IVF Surrogacy and Family

You might be relieved to use a family member for a surrogate especially over a total stranger. However, you still need to ensure that details are worked out, as family can still complicate matters. Make sure that all pre-treatment steps are followed with your family member like you would a total stranger. Ensure that legal arrangements have been made and that evaluations are made before you begin the IVF surrogacy process.

Everybody, including the surrogate, needs to recognize the pregnancy for what it is:

- A burden emotionally, financially and physically -

Each party must understand their responsibility and have everything realistically outlined. Most importantly, both parties need to have a mediator to help them deal with conflicts if they do arise!


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