HIV symptoms in men

November 12, 2012

HIV symptoms in men

HIV or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus , is a virus which infects and destroys the immune system, this makes the body vulnerable to disease that it would normally be able to fight off. Left untreated the immune system becomes too weak to fight off illness and a person infected with HIV may develop rare infections and/or cancers. When the HIV infection becomes active and the patient begins to develop symptoms they are said to have AIDS – Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. HIV is sometimes referred to as ‘the AIDS virus’

Early symptoms

Early HIV symptoms in men are not always seen, but, in the first few weeks after infection around 70% of individuals will experience some symptoms.

The early HIV symptoms in men may often feel like a severe dose of the flu – with a fever, sore throat and rash all appearing and developing at the same time (unusual in a healthy individual). These early symptoms generally clear up on their own and there may be no further indication of infection until full blown AIDS develops – often a number of years later.

HIV symptoms in men

There are a number of symptoms which may develop during the passage of this infection.

  • Fever and chills

A fever is a common symptom of many viral infections – including those caused by the HIV infection. HIV symptoms in men may also include chills alongside the fever as a natural bodily reaction to a high temperature.

  • Extreme fatigue

Fatigue is symptomatic of a number of medical conditions, but, when extreme debilitating fatigue that affects quality of life is experienced, it is a genuine cause for concern. Fatigue that occurs as an HIV symptom in men may prevent them carrying out their normal activities and responsibilities.

  • Diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting

Both HIV and AIDS share bouts of diarrhoea, nausea and vomiting as common symptoms – although the length and severity of those bouts may well differ. AIDS sufferers may experience more frequent infections as a result of persistent bouts of diarrhoea.

  • Antibodies

The discovery of HIV antibodies during a routine blood test is often the first indication that many individuals have of their exposure to the infection. The antibodies produced as a result of an HIV infection are referred to as HIV seroconversion and these indicate that the immune system has begun to produce antibodies in order to fight the infection.

  • Swollen lymph nodes

Lymph nodes, or glands, are an important part of the body’s immune system. Lymph nodes are approximately the size of a pea and contain the white blood cells needed to fight infection. Lymph nodes are found in the neck, groin and armpits.

  • Headaches

As with any viral infection HIV can cause headaches which may be mild or increasingly severe and usually disappear without requiring medical treatment.

  • Rash

A rash of raised, red spots may appear anywhere on the body of an HIV sufferer and generally disappears of its own accord after several weeks.

  • Loss of appetite

Loss of appetite occurs when the body is trying to fight the viral infection.

  • Joint and muscle aches and pains

A general feeling of being unwell accompanied by general aches and pains in muscles and joints is a symptom experienced by many sufferers of HIV.

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