Down’s Syndrome – How Parents Should Deal with It

November 12, 2012


Down’s Syndrome refers to a genetic disorder that affects hundreds of live births in America and can affect any gender and race.

The Causes

Down’s Syndrome in itself is a very common cause of various intellectual and developmental delays that is linked to certain medical issues. Since it is considered to be a chromosomal disorder, genes are known to be its main cause. In general, human cells have 23 chromosomes in them, half of which come from the mother and the other half of which come from the father. This condition mainly occurs when an extra chromosome, called chromosome 21, exists in the body. However, there are also various other variations to this, such as:

  • Trisomy 21

  • Mosaic trisomy 21

  • Robertsonian translocation

People who suffer from Down’s Syndrome can usually be pinpointed out of the crowd because of the special physical features that they have, like almond-shaped eyes, a tiny chin, a protruding tongue, shorter legs and arms, weak muscle tone, a big space between the first and second toe, a Simian crease that runs across the palm, and an upward separation between the eyelids. Here are several concerns associated with this condition:

  • Chronic ear infections

  • Thyroid problems

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease

  • Obstructive sleep apnea

  • Congenital heart defects

Dealing with It as a Parent

No parent ever wants to hear that their child has Down’s Syndrome. In fact, this news can be quite overwhelming, if not downright heartbreaking, due to the many unknowns that come with it. Despite this, however, parents should always be proactive when it comes to seeking early intervention for their child. Fortunately, there are a lot of options in occupational, developmental and speech therapies nowadays that you can look into. Naturally, there will be a lot of challenging obstacles in the way while dealing with this condition, but this doesn’t mean that your child no longer has the power to lead a meaningful life and have a happy future – remember that.

What Parents Need to Know

Learning more about this disorder can help you deal with it better as time goes by. Also, you need to keep reminding yourself that just because your child has Down Syndrome, this doesn’t necessarily mean that he should be treated differently. In fact, by diagnosing it early on and by incorporating a lot of different rehabilitative services and therapies, you can give your child the life that he deserves with ease. To start, you have to realize that even though your child has trouble doing certain things, you have to be patient, supportive and encouraging all the way. Even though it might seem like your child won’t have the same kind of life as other children do because of Down’s Syndrome, you have to remain positive and approach things in an optimistic manner to help your child reach his full potential in the end.


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