Causes of Foot Pain

November 12, 2012

Causes of Foot Pain

Foot pain is an indicator that something is wrong with the structure or interaction of the foot and precautions should be taken until a full recovery has taken place.

To find out the root cause of the pain it is important to know when and how the foot injuries happened. Also knowing exactly where the pain is experienced is useful. When pain is being experienced the body changes the way it functions or moves to try to lessen the pain.

Various conditions, injuries, trauma or disease can all lead to foot injuries.

Trauma occurs by a direct impact such as wearing shoes which are too high or too tight. Wearing high heels causes pain at the balls of the feet and also the bones. Bruising will appear at the top end of the foot if shoes are too tight.

Fractures, bruises, muscle strains, and ligament strains are all foot injuries which tend to happen very suddenly. Strains, sprains, fractures and bruises could be due to a variety of stresses being placed on the foot.

An injury to the tendon at the back of the heel is very common and is known as Achilles tendonitis.

If someone stepped on your foot it may cause bruising but it can also cause damage to the ligaments and muscles. Blunt blows to the feet can break the skin and in some cases a fracture could occur.

Irritation of the joints at the ball of the foot is known as metarsalgia. A common injury which many athletes experience is a tendon being strained. This tendon is situated underneath a joint which is at the bottom of the big toe. This is called turf toe. These are standard foot injuries.

Pooling of blood appearing below the toe nail may be due to trauma. This can sometimes lead to either a permanent or temporary loss of the toenail. A condition called exostosis is caused when repeated trauma has occurred in the ligaments, muscles and bones and extra bone known as spurs grows.

Running on surfaces that are uneven, too soft or too hard and with shoes that have little or no shock absorption and incorrectly fitted shoes may cause the following foot injuries: tendonitis, plantar fasciitis, severe chronic osteoarthritis and stress fractures.

Flat feet affect low and high arches and can be painful due to the strain that is placed on the feet.

Ill fitting footwear is one of the major contributors of foot pain. The short term effects of badly fitted shoes cause bruises, calluses and blisters. Long terms effects may include corns, bunions, joint and nerves irritations.

Other causes of foot pain are viruses, fungi, bacteria and disease. Common diseases that have an effect on foot pain are gout, Hansen’s disease, diabetes. Peripheral neuropathy is a disorder where a burning sensation and numbness appear.

An ingrown toenail is a common source of pain when the edge of the nail grows through the skin. This can lead to infection and irritation. A virus is the cause of Plantar warts that appear on the sole of the foot. Athlete’s foot occurs due to fungus and leads to the foot being irritated.

Category: Articles