Tag: Suggested Reading

Syphilis

Syphilis

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum. Syphilis is a potentially progressive disease that if untreated may cause debilitating disease of the entire body. Syphilis currently is of particular concern because it is believed to increase the transmission of HIV. Syphilis is transmitted during sexual or nonsexual contact with a [...]

October 5, 2011 More
Youth

Youth

Middle childhood is a time of discovery, consolidation, and strengthening of key competencies. During this period of development, ranging between ages 6 and 12 years, physical skills mature, personality traits solidify, and social interactions become more sophisticated. Parents remain at the center of children’s social world, but peers become increasingly important. Although biology provides a [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Yoga

Yoga

The meaning of the word yoga may be defined as yolking, union, or a bringing together of the mind, body, and soul; the bridging and forming a relationship with oneself and with ultimately how one lives in harmony with the world. The practice of yoga brings with it strength to the body, relaxation to the [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Yeast Infection

Yeast Infection

Yeast vaginitis (candidiasis) is an infection or inflammation of the vagina caused by a fungus, usually the yeast-like fungus Candida albicans (C. albicans). It is the second most common type of vaginal infection. It is estimated that approximately 75% of all women in the United States will have a yeast infection at least once in [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Wrinkles

Wrinkles

Human skin, like all other organs of the body, undergoes changes with aging. In addition to intrinsic or chronologic changes, environmental exposure can be a major cause of skin damage and wrinkling. Over time, the skin’s network of elastin and collagen fibers which provide elasticity to the skin is altered. The thickness of the skin [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Women’s Health Initiative

Women’s Health Initiative

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) in 1990 established the U.S. Office of Research on Women’s Health. In 1991, this office launched its first national study on women’s health called the Women’s Health Initiative. The Women’s Health Initiative was initiated because there had been insufficient medical research relating to women’s health. Such research is critical [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania

Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania

Woman’s Medical College of Pennsylvania (WMC), widely but erroneously called “Women’s,” was founded as The Female Medical College of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia in 1850, and renamed in 1867. With the support of Philadelphia-area Quaker physicians and businessman-philanthropist William J. Mullen, the College was incorporated, in the era of reform movements for women’s rights, improved health [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Weight Control

Weight Control

Maintaining a healthy weight is just one part of a healthy lifestyle. Being either overweight or underweight can be unhealthy, and many people who are not obese are interested in maintaining a healthy weight. Often, overweight or obese people are also interested in maintaining their weight. Many people find that they can lose weight to [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Vitamins

Vitamins

Vitamins are a group of substances found in foods that are essential for growth, health, and preservation of life itself. The relationship between important food components and health and well-being had been known for hundreds of years, but the specific role of these components was discovered in the 20th century. Vitamins are grouped together as [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Violence

Violence

Violence is a major contributor to premature death, injury, and disability both in the United States and throughout the world. Each day throughout the world, an average of 4,400 people die from violent acts, for a total of 1.6 million deaths each year. Since many violent deaths are unreported, this estimate is an undercount. Many [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Venous Thromboembolism

Venous Thromboembolism

Venous thrombosis is the presence of a blood clot within a superficial or deep vein and the resultant inflammation in the blood vessel wall. Thrombosis most commonly occurs in the legs, but can also occur in the arms. Signs of thrombosis include tenderness in the involved veins, presence of a palpable “cord” in the leg, [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Veils

Veils

A veil is a length of cloth worn by women as a covering for the head and shoulders, and often in Eastern countries for the face. The practice of veiling began in Mesopotamian cultures as early as 4,000-5,000 years ago as an adaptation to desert life, that is, for protection against the sun, wind, and [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Vaginismus

Vaginismus

Vaginismus is defined as the involuntary spasm of the pelvic muscles surrounding the outer third of the vagina. Such spasm may interfere with or prevent sexual intercourse. In some cases, vaginismus may prevent insertion of almost anything into the vagina, including tampons, fingers, or speculums used in gynecologic examinations. The psychiatric diagnosis of vaginismus is [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Vaginal Bleeding

Vaginal Bleeding

Normal menstruation begins between the ages of 10 and 17 years. Once ovulatory cycles ensue, women will have regular and predictable bleeding every 24-35 days, lasting 3-7 days with a predictable amount of flow. Most women lose 2-4 tablespoons of blood with each menses (30-40 ml). The majority of blood loss occurs over 1-2 days, [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Multiple uterine fibroids removed from a 27 year old woman.

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are the most common of the noncancerous (benign) tumors of the uterus. The medical term that is synonymous with uterine fibroids is leiomyoma. The cause of fibroids is unknown. However, the hormone estrogen plays a dominant role, since fibroids and associated symptoms are prevalent during the reproductive years and decline during menopause. Fibroid-related [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary Tract Infections

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common medical problems that cause women to seek medical attention. In most cases Urinary Tract Infections are a nuisance; a medical problem that produces uncomfortable symptoms that appropriate outpatient treatment can quickly alleviate. While usually a benign condition, Urinary Tract Infections do have the potential to [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Urinary Incontinence and Voiding Dysfunction

Urinary Incontinence and Voiding Dysfunction

The function of the bladder is to store urine that is produced in the kidneys and transported to the bladder via the ureters (tubes leading from the kidneys to the bladder). The bladder should store urine effortlessly and painlessly until a socially appropriate situation arises for its evacuation. Voiding (urinating) should be voluntary, painless, and [...]

September 29, 2011 More

United States Civil Rights Act of 1964

Congress passed the most significant legislation affecting equal rights in 1964. The Civil Rights Act made it illegal to discriminate against a person because of his or her race, color, religion, national origin, or sex. This law essentially gave minorities equal access to education, employment, and other opportunities. In addition, the Civil Rights Act made [...]

September 29, 2011 More

Turner Syndrome

Turner syndrome (TS), alternately referred to as Turner’s syndrome, monosomy X, and gonadal dysgenesis, was first described in 1938 by Dr. Henry Turner in a case report of several girls with short stature, no secondary sexual characteristics, arms that bent outwards at the elbows (called cubitus valgus), neck webbing, and a low posterior hairline. These [...]

September 29, 2011 More
Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal Neuralgia

Trigeminal neuralgia is a descriptive term applied to cases of brief, excruciating, electric-shock-like pains affecting one side or the other of the face. The term derives from combining neuralgia, meaning pain originating aberrantly in a nerve, with trigeminal, the name of the nerve responsible for carrying sensation from the face. It has also been referred [...]

September 29, 2011 More