Tag: HDL

Coronary Risk Factors

Coronary Risk Factors

Despite many recent advances in therapy, coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the major contributor to death and premature disability in developed countries. This condition accounts for one third of all deaths in women. Furthermore, it is predicted that cardiovascular disease (CvD), due mainly to atherosclerosis (disease of the arteries), will become the leading cause of [...]

August 15, 2011 More
Lipid disorders

Lipid disorders

Perhaps the most well-established and well-studied risk factors for CHD are abnormalities in blood cholesterol and lipid levels. The typical diet consumed in Western societies contains between 50 and 100 g of fat and 0.5 g of cholesterol. These fats are not water soluble and are transported in the blood in association with lipoproteins. Abnormalities [...]

August 15, 2011 More
Diabetes mellitus and the Metabolic syndrome

Diabetes mellitus and the Metabolic syndrome

Diabetes mellitus, a condition marked by fasting blood glucose (sugar) levels of 126 mg/dl or higher, is not only a well-established risk factor for CHD but also a disease that is becoming more prevalent at an alarming rate. This is largely due to the increasing prevalence of obesity as well as the aging of the [...]

August 15, 2011 More
High cholesterol assessment of risk for heart disease

High cholesterol assessment of risk for heart disease

The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has developed guidelines (ATP III guidelines) to help estimate the risk of disease due to high cholesterol, and guide efforts at prevention and treatment. Individuals can assess their personal risk for heart disease on the basis of their risk factors. The highest risk groups are people with diabetes, heart [...]

August 5, 2011 More
Treatment of elevated cholesterol

Treatment of elevated cholesterol

Diet and Exercise The initial step in treating high cholesterol is diet, increased physical activity, and weight loss. Reducing dietary intake of saturated fat and cholesterol is beneficial in lowering LDL cholesterol, and regular, sustained aerobic exercise increases HDL cholesterol. Weight loss in women may cause a decline in HDL cholesterol without much change in [...]

August 5, 2011 More