Tag: DNA

Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism

Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism

Restriction fragment length polymorphism is the process of identifying specific segments of a DNA molecule. It is used to identify potentially defective genes in an individual, or to establish an evidence of a crime or guilt. Process During the process of restriction fragment length polymorphism, DNA molecules are isolated from the cells and treated with [...]

November 12, 2012 More
Health Benefits of Juicing

Health Benefits of Juicing

Most experts agree on the benefits of fruits and vegetables, and recommend eating at least 5 servings of these foods per day. Juicing diets aim to detoxify your body effectively while promoting weight-loss at the same time. Detoxification Fruits and vegetables are a rich source of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. The antioxidants found in these [...]

November 12, 2012 More
The 411 on the Adeno Associated Virus

The 411 on the Adeno Associated Virus

An adeno associated virus (AAV) is a small virus in the parvovirus family that has a genome of DNA with a single strand. This virus can always place genes into a certain area on chromosome 19 without fail. There are several disadvantages associated with AAV, though. For starters, it can only carry a small DNA [...]

November 12, 2012 More
Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Familial Adenomatous Polyposis

Its Diagnosis, Treatment and Prevention Familial adenomatous polyposis, or FAP, refers to an inherited syndrome of colorectal cancer. Patients who have FAP usually start developing tons of colon polyps during their teenage years and the colorectal cancer will usually appear by the time they turn 40. In order to avoid colon cancer altogether, patients will [...]

November 12, 2012 More
The Signs and Symptoms of Low Iron

The Signs and Symptoms of Low Iron

Iron is an important metal used by the body and brain for many purposes. One of its major jobs is to bind to hemoglobin and attract oxygen molecules. Hemoglobin in turn is carried by red blood cells to every tissue and organ of the body and delivers oxygen to those cells so they can carry [...]

November 12, 2012 More
Growth hormones

Growth hormones

Growth hormone is produced in the anterior pituitary gland; it is a protein hormone consisting of around 190 amino acids. Growth hormones contribute to several physiological processes including growth and metabolism. The effects of growth hormone may be direct or indirect. Direct effects – occur as a result of the growth hormone binding its receptor [...]

November 12, 2012 More
Folic Acid Benefits and Deficiencies

Folic Acid Benefits and Deficiencies

Folic acid is also known as pteroylglutamic acid, folate, folacin and vitamin B9. No matter what you call it, it is essential for many metabolic processes. Folic acid is involved with the breakdown of fats, carbohydrates and proteins and turning them into glucose for energy production (ATP). Folic acid plays a role in nucleic acid [...]

November 12, 2012 More
You Need to pay Attention to B12 Deficiency Symptoms

You Need to pay Attention to B12 Deficiency Symptoms

B12 deficiency symptoms should not be ignored. Vitamin B12 plays many important roles in the body, many of which you may not be aware of. Vitamin B12 is important for the production of red blood cells so B12 deficiency symptoms involve anemia which generates severe fatigue (tiredness). Vitamin B12 is important for DNA replication when [...]

November 12, 2012 More
Aviation medical

Aviation medical

The discipline of Aviation medical practice is concerned with not the inconsiderable effects of flight and space travel on both the physical and psychological well being of humans. The extreme risks and physical demands faced by pilots and astronauts mean that they require specialist aviation medical care to protect both themselves and the wider community. [...]

November 12, 2012 More
Children of Childhood Cancer Survivors Do Not have Increased Risk of Down Syndrome

Children of Childhood Cancer Survivors Do Not have Increased Risk of Down Syndrome

If you are concerned about offspring you want to have after being a survivor of cancer as a child, you need to put your mind to rest. Recent studies indicate that children who survived chemotherapy or radiation treatments do not have an greater increase for birth defects as compared to children of cancer survivors who [...]

November 12, 2012 More
BRCA Mutant Cancer Sufferers get Faster Diagnosis

BRCA Mutant Cancer Sufferers get Faster Diagnosis

A new report has recently been published on the online journal Cancer, which says that women with BRCA mutations are being diagnosed and treated earlier than previous generations. Women with BRCA mutations are acknowledged as having a higher risk of developing breast and ovarian cancer. According to Dr. Jennifer Litton, a breast medical oncologist at [...]

November 12, 2012 More
Immune System and Parkinson’s Disease – Is there a link?

Immune System and Parkinson’s Disease – Is there a link?

A study undertaken by researchers from the New York State Department of Health and several other academic and medical centres in the USA has led the BBC to state that, “The immune system may have a key role in the development of Parkinson’s disease,” The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke funded the study [...]

November 12, 2012 More
What is epigenetics?

What is epigenetics?

Since cracking the human genome, academics and researchers are reconsidering the nature-versus-nurture debate. The question is whether individual traits are determined by our DNA (nature) or by the conditions of development (nurture). Increasingly, the debate is turning towards nurture – more specifically, the environment of DNA in both our ancestors’ cells and in the contemporary [...]

November 9, 2012 More
Cancer

Cancer

Around 400 BC, Hippocrates described the long, bulky veins spread around some breast tumors as resembling the limbs of a crab, hence its name—karkinoma in Greek and, later, its Latin equivalent cancer. Although cancer is not one disease, all cancers share one characteristic and it is the uncontrolled growth of cells. Our normal body is [...]

August 2, 2011 More
Breast Lumps

Breast Lumps

A woman’s breast is composed internally of multiple glandular lobules and ducts surrounded by fatty tissue, and therefore by the nature of its design is often of lobular texture. Most women notice irregularities or lumps in their breast from time to time. Fortunately, the overwhelming majority of these breast lumps (80-90%) are benign. Despite this, [...]

August 1, 2011 More
Medical abortions.

Medical abortions.

Medical termination requires the close observation of a practitioner. It usually requires two or more visits, and there is a potential need for emergency intervention during the process. Finally, it requires close follow-up to ensure that the process of abortion is complete. The earlier the gestational age is, the higher the complete abortion rate. The [...]

July 28, 2011 More