Tag: American Psychiatric Association

Personality Disorders

Personality Disorders

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV), defines a personality disorder as “… an enduring pattern of inner experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of the individual’s culture, is pervasive and inflexible, has an onset in adolescence or early adulthood, is stable over time, and leads to distress [...]

September 21, 2011 More
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessions and compulsions are fairly common mental phenomena that most people have experienced, but they can become severe enough to interfere with one’s functioning. At this point they are known as a disorder. Obsessions are repeated intrusive thoughts, usually unwelcome to the thinker, and may include ideas of a harmful, violent, sexual, or religious nature. [...]

September 20, 2011 More
Lesbian

Lesbian

There is no standard definition of lesbian. The term generally refers to a female sexual orientation that may involve one or more of the following components: behavioral, affective, or cognitive understandings of lesbian. The behavioral definition of lesbian emphasizes current or lifetime sexual activity with other women. The affective definition considers the subtleties of sexual [...]

September 15, 2011 More
Hypochondriasis

Hypochondriasis

Hypochondriasis is a psychiatric illness in which individuals experience anxiety about misinterpreted physical symptoms that they fear or believe indicate the presence of an undiagnosed medical disease. For example, a mark on the skin may be interpreted as cancer or a sign of AIDS, or sweating may be interpreted as a heart condition. This anxiety [...]

September 14, 2011 More
Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative identity disorder (DID), formerly known as multiple personality disorder, is one of five dissociative disorders recognized by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, fourth edition (DSM-IV). Of the dissociative disorders, Dissociative identity disorder is associated with the most chronic and severe symptomatology. Dissociation is a process wherein a person mentally separates oneself [...]

August 30, 2011 More