Category: R

Rural Health

Women represent over half (52%) of the 60 million people who live in rural and frontier areas in the United States. In recent years, the image of rural life as simple, healthy, and natural has been replaced with a more complex understanding in which distinct physiological stresses, physical hardships, and community patterns of rural life [...]

September 26, 2011 More
Rubella

Rubella

Rubella is commonly referred to as German measles or 3-day measles. This disease is a common and relatively mild disease of childhood. The disease is caused by an RNA virus (genus: Rubivirus, family: Togaviridae) and humans are the only known host. Rubella is passed by secretions; nasopharyngeal, blood, stool, or urine. The virus can be [...]

September 26, 2011 More
Rosacea

Rosacea

Rosacea is a common facial skin condition that most frequently affects fair-skinned Caucasian women and men of northern European ancestry. While the precise etiology (cause) of rosacea is unknown, it is probably due to some combination of factors in predisposed individuals resulting in an abnormality of the blood supply to the skin (cutaneous vasculature). The [...]

September 26, 2011 More
Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease in which the joints are the primary target of progressive inflammation and destruction. This disease affects about 1% of the U.S. population and is nearly three times more common in women than men. It can occur at any age and tends to increase in frequency with age. However, [...]

September 26, 2011 More

Rh Disease

Rh disease is known as hemolytic (having to do with the blood) disease of the newborn (erythroblastosis fetalis). Rh refers to the Rh system (antigen groups include C, D, E) on blood cells and specifically the D-antigen. Rh disease develops when antibodies form in an individual with Rh-negative (lack of D-antigen) blood after exposure to [...]

September 26, 2011 More
Restraining Orders

Restraining Orders

One of the most important things a victim can do to save his or her life is to file an order for protection, also known as a restraining order. In response to domestic violence and other abuse, the law developed the restraining order, which is a legal order created to protect a person from harm. [...]

September 26, 2011 More
Reproductive Technologies

Reproductive Technologies

Robert Edwards and Patrick Steptoe made a significant contribution to the treatment of infertility in 1978, with the successful birth of Louise Brown after in vitro fertilization (IVF). Twenty-two years later, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that IVF resulted in 25,228 live births in the United States. The success of IVF [...]

September 26, 2011 More
Renal Disease

Renal Disease

Renal (kidney) disease is a significant health care problem. As of 2000 (the most recent data available from the U.S. Renal Data Service report), the federal government’s cost of providing renal replacement therapy to patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was over 12 billion dollars. Over the past decade, the increase in ESRD program costs [...]

September 26, 2011 More
Regional Rheumatic Pain

Regional Rheumatic Pain

Regional rheumatic pain is a family of syndromes including tendonitis, tenosynovitis, and bursitis. These conditions, although commonly seen in medical practice, are challenging to diagnose. They are usually diagnosed without laboratory testing or x-rays. These conditions of the musculoskeletal system are the result of repetitive overuse along with abnormal body position or mechanics. Tendons, which [...]

September 26, 2011 More
Raynaud’s Phenomenon

Raynaud’s Phenomenon

Raynaud’s phenomenon is a condition in which exposure to cold or emotional stress causes skin discoloration and pain. This occurs most often in the fingers, but can also affect the toes, the tip of the nose, and tips of the ears. Raynaud’s phenomenon can occur itself or may be a symptom of an underlying disease. [...]

September 26, 2011 More
Rape

Rape

The Latin word “to steal or carry off” is rapere and described the behavior of ancient Romans who stole their wives from other tribes. Laws delivered by Moses in Deuteronomy 22:22-28 categorized rape and what occurred to victims and perpetrators. The tragedy of rape continues today of children, adolescents, and adults, including the very elderly. [...]

September 26, 2011 More