Category: Elevated Cholesterol

Cholesterol

Cholesterol

The leading cause of death in women in the United States is heart disease resulting from clogged arteries. Although heart attack and angina used to be thought of as a “male” disease, that is no longer the case. Over 500,000 women in 2000 died from heart disease while about 440,000 men died from the same [...]

August 5, 2011 More
Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a slow progressive disease in which cholesterol deposits form within the wall of blood vessels. Atherosclerosis begins with damage to the inner lining of blood vessels. Such injury commonly occurs with high blood pressure and smoking. The tissue behind the inner lining is exposed, which makes blood platelets sticky and causes smooth muscle [...]

August 5, 2011 More
Causes and symptoms of elevated cholesterol

Causes and symptoms of elevated cholesterol

High cholesterol can be inherited, but it can also develop in people without a family history of high cholesterol. Two inherited conditions are familial combined hyperlipidemia (occurring in 1 in 100 individuals), and familial hypercholesterolemia (occurring in 1 in 500 people). People with these conditions are at very high risk of premature heart attack and [...]

August 5, 2011 More
High cholesterol assessment of risk for heart disease

High cholesterol assessment of risk for heart disease

The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has developed guidelines (ATP III guidelines) to help estimate the risk of disease due to high cholesterol, and guide efforts at prevention and treatment. Individuals can assess their personal risk for heart disease on the basis of their risk factors. The highest risk groups are people with diabetes, heart [...]

August 5, 2011 More
Treatment of elevated cholesterol

Treatment of elevated cholesterol

Diet and Exercise The initial step in treating high cholesterol is diet, increased physical activity, and weight loss. Reducing dietary intake of saturated fat and cholesterol is beneficial in lowering LDL cholesterol, and regular, sustained aerobic exercise increases HDL cholesterol. Weight loss in women may cause a decline in HDL cholesterol without much change in [...]

August 5, 2011 More