When is the chance of getting pregnant the highest?
Ovulation is the name of the process when a mature egg is released from the ovary. Typically ovulation occurs regularly on the 14th day of a womans 28-day menstrual cycle. There is then a period of 12-48 hours before the egg begins to break down. It is during this 12-48 hours that a woman is most fertile and therefore the chance of getting pregnant is at its highest.
After puberty it is possible for a woman to become pregnant at any point in her cycle. There have even been cases of women getting pregnant whilst on their period, although this is very uncommon. Doctors and researchers have determined that a the period that a woman is very fertile starts 4 or 5 days before ovulation and continues for up to 2 days afterwards. This is because sperm is able to survive in the female body for around 5 days so it able to wait for an egg to be released and then fertilize it. An egg can only live for a day after ovulation, which is why the window of fertility is shorter after ovulation. The chance of getting pregnant is the absolute highest on the day before ovulation and the day of ovulation. Therefore these days as well as 3 or 4 days leading up to ovulation is the best time for intercourse in terms of increasing the chance of getting pregnant.
In normal healthy and fertile couples the chance of getting pregnant is 25% per each menstrual cycle. According to these figures between 75% and 85% of women who are having regular sexual intercourse without the use of contraception will conceive every year. Through being aware of when in your cycle you are ovulating and recognising the window of fertility by making the most of it will no doubt increase the chance of getting pregnant.
There are tests that can be performed from home that will tell you whether or not you are currently ovulating. There are also a number of physical that are indications that ovulation is going to occur soon. For example in the few days before and during ovulation many women experience tender breasts and an increased amount of vaginal discharge. As the egg leaves the ovary approximately 20% of women will notice some pain in the lower abdomen. This pain or discomfort can last anywhere from a few minutes to a few hours. There are also significant changes to the colour and consistency of the cervical mucus. Before ovulation it will appear cloudy and thick whereas just before a woman is about to ovulate it will become clear, slippery and stretchy. Immediately after ovulation many women will experience an increase in body temperature.
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