What you Need to know about a Cyst on your Ovary

November 12, 2012

What you Need to know about a Cyst on your Ovary

If you have a cyst on ovary, what that means is you have a vesicle that is fluid filled. This is not uncommon especially with women of childbearing age and most of them are harmless. Some ovarian cysts that are harmless may cause discomfort if they break or bleed and cause pain. In that case, the cyst may have to be removed surgically.

Cysts often form when a follicle fails to rupture and release an egg in the ovary. When this happens, the fluid may remain and form what is called a cyst on ovary. If this happens it generally happens to one ovary. Most of these cysts are normal and not part of a diseased state and more often than not resolve themselves within a few weeks without any medical intervention. There are seven common ovarian cysts that you should be familiar with. These include. Follicular, Corpus luteum, hemorrhagic, dermoid, endometriomas, polycystic, and cystadenoma. A follicular cyst happens when ovulation doesn’t occur. This cyst on ovary occurs at the time the egg would be released from the ovary and pass to the fallopian tube. The formation of the cyst on ovary is often painful on the side the cyst forms. Most women experience no symptoms and the cyst on ovary goes away within a matter of weeks. A Corpus luteum cyst occurs after an egg is released from the ovary. The follicle that the egg was developing in has now become the corpus luteum which will produce hormones for the developing egg that has implanted itself in the uterus. When the egg isn’t fertilized, the corpus luteum breaks down and scar tissue is formed. Sometimes the corpus luteum persists and is filled with fluid or blood. This generally produces no symptoms.

A hemorrhagic cyst happens when a cyst has blood inside it. Abdominal pain is the symptom on 1 side of the body.A dermoid cyst contains other tissues inside such as fat, hair, bone or cartilage. It is often referred to as a cystic teratoma. These show up nicely on an ultrasound, however they may look different depending on what other tissues are inside. These often cause abdominal pain.

An endometrioma cysts are related to endometriosis. These cysts form when there is endometrial (uterine) tissue on the ovary. This can cause chronic pelvic pain during menstruation. These cysts are often filled with blood. A Polycystic appearing ovary has a very large cyst with smaller cysts around the outside of the larger cyst.

A Cystadenoma cyst is a type of cyst on ovary that can become quite large and is usually filled with some type of mucus material. All of the seven cysts above are benign tumors that are generally symptom free and heal on their own. Certain women have certain risk factors for developing a cyst on ovary.

Women who have an increased risk for developing a cyst on ovary tend to have irregular period cycles, a lot of upper body fat, early menstruation, infertility, hypothyroidism and/or breast cancer.

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