Use of a Blood Pressure Chart

November 12, 2012

Use of a Blood Pressure Chart

Blood pressure is the force used by circulating blood as it pushes against the walls of our arteries, arterioles, capillaries and veins. Blood pressure is generally considered and measured through the force of blood in the larger arteries. These are the blood vessels take the blood away from the heart. Blood pressure is written using two numbers, the systolic pressure (which is measured when the heart takes a beat) and the diastolic pressure (which is measured in between heart beats, when the heart is relaxed). The systolic measurement is written above the diastolic measurement in the form a fraction. Normal blood pressure has a reading of 120/80. While high blood pressure is considered to be 140/90 or higher and is known as hypertension and low blood pressure is known as hypotension. A blood pressure chart can be used to identify whether your blood pressure is high, low or normal. Blood pressure charts can also tell you what level you at, i.e. in the case of low blood pressure you can see whether you are at borderline or dangerously low levels. High blood pressure is measured in stages of seriousness ranging from level 1 to level 4, which is dangerously high. There are also types of blood pressure chart, which allow you to work out what your blood pressure should be according to your age. Different age ranges have a different normal blood pressure with the average for 15-19 year olds being 117/77 and the average for 35039 year old being 123/82. Your blood pressure will naturally increase as you get older and by the time you are aged 60-64 the normal blood pressure will be 134/87.

Some of the signs and symptoms associated with high blood pressure include:

  • Headaches

  • Feeling dizzy

  • Pounding in the ears

  • Nose bleeds

It is likely that you have high blood pressure a long time before you start to experience any of these symptoms. By the times these things occur, it is likely that your high blood pressure has reached a serious and even-life threatening stage. Many people with high blood pressure or hypertension are not aware of the cause. In these cases it is important to keep it under control and some lifestyle changes may be needed. Blood pressure is measured using a machine called a sphygmomanometer, which is inflatable with a gauge attached. It is wrapped around your arm above the elbow and is inflated putting pressure on the arteries. Blood pressure is measured as air is released and a stethoscope is used to listen to your heartbeat. A common method used as a guide for blood pressure is 100 plus your age, subtracting 10 if you are a woman. Very high blood pressure can lead to the development of a number of diseases, conditions and health problems, but amongst the most serious are a heart attack or a stroke. People at a higher risk is anyone who smokes, has diabetes, are overweight, has a family history of high blood pressure, are over 40 years old, have high cholesterol levels and anyone who consumes more than two alcoholic beverages a day. A blood pressure chart can be found online to be downloaded or printed.

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