The Hidden Disease That Causes Many Kinds Of Cancers

November 12, 2012

The Hidden Disease That Causes Many Kinds Of Cancers

HPV16 is the primary cause of cervical cancer and, with the help of screening tools, the disease can be detected in its early stages and the woman can start treatments.

HPV (or Human Papilloma Virus) is a very common disease with more than 20 million Americans infected with HPV16. Each year, there are roughly 5.5 million new infections. Part of the reason many folks don’t know they’re infected with HPV16 is its incubation period. After all, it can stay incubated between seven and 12 years.

A Look At HPV16

One of the most common sexually transmitted disease is HPV, especially in sexually active young folk. According to the Centers for Disease Control, roughly 20 million people in the United States has HPV16 and another 5.5 million new infections are discovered ever year. And, the CDC says HPV16 is more prevalent in women than men.

Women of every race have had a HPV16 prevalence (17.9 percent) compared to only just eight percent for men. The highest percentage of HPV16 sufferers are African-American women between the ages of 20 and 29, around 36 percent. African Americans have a 19.1 percent HPV16 prevalence compared to just 12.5 percent in their white counterparts.

The percentage of HPV16 was higher in people who had multiple sex partners. For instance, seven percent of people with only one partner had HPV while 20.1 percent of people with more than 50 partners had the disease. And, 13 percent of the people who participated in the study had HPV16 antibodies.

Why HPV16 Is So Bad

It’s important to understand that HPV16 is the biggest culprit behind cervical cancer. However, it may also result in anal, penile, vaginal and vulvar cancer along with the following things:

  • Anal intraepithelial neoplasia

  • Penile intramithelial neoplasia

  • Vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia

  • Vulvar intraepithelial neoplasia

What is neoplasia? It’s the pathological process that causes tumor formation and growth. Intrapithelial neoplasia of the organs is basically neoplasia in the epithelial cells.

A Look At Genital Warts: Preventing and Maintaining

HPV16 is passed through sexual contact with a person infected with it. The only real way to protect yourself from HPV16 exposure is to practice abstinence. And, if you have a monogamous relationship with a person free of the disease, it can also prevent infection. The cervical cancer causing HPV is also sexually transmitted but little evidence about infection being avoided by changing one’s behavior is available.

One such behavioral change is to use condoms during a sexual encounter. After all, condoms reduce the chances of being diagnosed with and spreading STDs. Prophylactic vaccines for HVP infections are not available, as of yet but it’s thought they could be very effective.

One screening tool for to detect abnormal changes in cervical cells is the Pap test. It involves taking a minute amount of cells from the cervix during an annual pelvic exam. These cells are then primed and scrutinized under the microscope, looking for any signs of the following things:

  • Atypical mitotic figures

  • Cellular disorganization

  • Nuclear atypia

Since the development of the Pap smear, cervical cancer cell abnormalities have been found earlier and treated sooner, which have led to a reduction in cervical cancer mortality and morbidity. Between 1982 and 1997, there was a 28 percent diminution in the cervical cancer rate. And, between 1982 and 1997, there was a 47 percent diminution in the number of cervical cancer deaths.

Cervical cancer is usually higher in women over the age of 40 than women less than 40 years of age. However, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, which is a precursor to cervical cancer, tends to occur in young woman and is usually caught early on to stop cervical cancer from occurring. Cervical cancer can be prevented and cured if it’s found early.

But, there is still no treatment for the virus. There are, however, several worthwhile treatments available to address HPV-causing diseases like genital warts and cervical cell changes.

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