Symptoms of ovarian cysts

November 12, 2012

Symptoms of ovarian cysts

Ovarian cysts can affect woman of all ages but are most common in those between the ages of 30 and 60. There are a number of causes and symptoms of ovarian cysts as well effective treatments.

Symptoms of ovarian cysts

Some of the most common signs and symptoms of ovarian cysts include:

  • Pain in the pelvic region

  • A sudden intense pain in the pelvic region is a sign of a ruptured cyst

  • A feeling or pressure to the lower abdomen or pelvis

  • Irregular or absent menstrual periods

  • Unusual pain in the pelvic area during menstrual periods

  • Aches in the thighs and the lower back

  • Tender breasts

  • Pain during urination or bowel movement

  • Pain during or after sexual intercourse

  • Weight gain

  • Vomiting or nausea

  • Infertility

  • Vaginal pain or spotting

  • Pelvic pain following exercise

Causes

There are a number of factors that can cause ovarian cysts and they can be either benign or cancerous. One of the causes is the follicle becoming inflamed or enlarged when an egg fails to be released during the menstrual cycle. Another cause is due to the tissue that is left when an egg is released failing to properly break down and then filling with blood or another fluid. A cyst may also occur as a symptom of endometriosis, when the lining of the uterus wall form on the outside when it should only from on the inside.

Different types of ovarian cysts

The symptoms of ovarian cysts as mentioned previously will occur despite the type of cyst. Some of the different types include:

  • Functional cysts

  • Follicular cysts (as mentioned when the egg is not released from the follicles)

  • Corpus luteum cysts (as mentioned when the tissue fails to properly break down and be re-absorbed)

  • Hemorrhagic cyst (this is the name given when bleeding accompanies a cyst).

  • Dermoid cyst (grow in non-uterine cells)

  • Endometrioma cysts (a symptom of endometriosis)

  • Cystadenoma cysts (grow outside the ovaries)

  • Serous cystadenoma cysts (are filled with fluid)

  • Mucinous cystadenoma cysts (are large, painful and contain fluid and mucus)

  • Complex ovarian cyst (filled with solid components as well as liquid)

  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome (the name given when there are multiple cysts)

Diagnosis and treatments

There are a number of tests that may be required in order to make a proper diagnosis. A pelvic exam may reveal swelling over the ovaries but an ultrasound, CT scan or laparoscopy will also be needed to confirm the presence of cysts. Further tests will then be done to identify whether or not the cyst is cancerous. Treatment includes ibuprofen or prescription painkillers and heat or ice may help to further relieve any discomfort. In most cases a non-cancerous cyst will go away in by itself but in others surgery may be required. Anyone experiencing symptoms of ovarian cysts should make an appointment with their doctor immediately.

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