Symptoms of hypoglycaemia

November 12, 2012

Symptoms of hypoglycaemia

The symptoms of Hypoglycaemia also known as low blood sugar can vary greatly in severity depending on how low the blood sugar levels are.

Hypoglycaemia in people without diabetes tends o occur in episodes. The symptoms of hypoglycaemia not only vary from person to person but also from episode to episode. It all depends on exactly how low the individual’s blood sugar levels are and this can be defined as one of three categories, mild, moderate or severe. The further the blood sugar levels fall, the more severe the symptoms will become.

Mild hypoglycaemia

Blood sugar levels in someone who is healthy should be between 70 and 99 mg/dL. If blood sugar levels fall below 70mg/dL they are considered to have milk hypoglycaemia. During an episode that can be defined as mild, the symptoms of hypoglycaemia may include the following.

  • Extreme feelings of hunger

  • Nausea

  • Nervous or jittery feelings

  • Cold, clammy or wet skin and excessive sweating that is not a result of exercise

  • A rapid heartbeat

  • A numb or tingling sensation in the fingertips or lips

  • Trembling

Moderate Hypoglycaemia

As blood sugar levels continue to fall and reach 55mg/dL or below, the nervous system will begin to be affected. At this point symptoms of hypoglycaemia include:

  • Changes in mood including irritability, anxiety, restlessness and anger.

  • Confusion, difficulty thinking and the inability to concentrate.

  • Blurred vision

  • Dizziness

  • Headaches

  • Lack of energy and general weakness

  • Poor coordination

  • Difficulty talking such as slurred speech

  • Difficulty walking such as staggering

  • Feeing of fatigue, lethargy and drowsiness

  • Severe hypoglycaemia

When blood sugar levels fall below 40 mg/dL it is referred to as severe and the symptoms of hypoglycaemia may include:

  • Seizures or convulsions

  • Loss of consciousness

  • Low body temperature/ hyperthermia

Individuals who suffer from this condition risk irreversible brain damage as well as problems their heart. When the condition reaches severe emergency treatment is required to prevent death. The symptoms listed here are typical symptoms of hypoglycaemia but the presence of them does not guarantee you have the condition. Furthermore you may have the condition without experiencing these specific symptoms. If you are in doubt or notice any unusual symptoms make an appointment with your doctor. Blood tests can be done in order to diagnose the condition and then the cause can be determined and appropriate action taken. Certain medications including those used to treat diabetes are one potential cause that should be taken into consideration.

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