Prostatitis Symptoms

November 12, 2012

Prostatitis Symptoms

Prostatitis is the swelling and inflammation of the prostate, a walnut-sized gland of the male reproductive system. The gland is responsible for the production of semen, which transports the sperm.

Causes

Prostatitis symptoms may occur as a result of bacterial infection of the prostate gland. The infection may be acute or chronic. Other causes include prostate injury, immune system disorder and nervous system disorder.

Symptoms

Prostatitis symptoms can be classified according to the causative agent.

  • The symptoms of acute bacterial prostatitis appear suddenly, and may include fever, chills, frequent urination, prostate gland pain and lower back pain. It is usually caused bacteria that enter the prostate gland from the urinary tract. The condition is often serious and requires treatment with antibiotics.
  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis symptoms are similar to those of the acute form. However, they develop more slowly, and are less severe. It is often associated with recurrent urinary tract infections. The condition may develop after an acute infection, especially when the patient does not finish the antibiotic regimen.
  • Your prostatitis symptoms may also occur as a result of physical damage or irritation to the gland. No bacteria are involved in such cases. There is no fever, although other symptoms may be similar.
  • Many patients with prostate inflammation do not exhibit any symptoms. The asymptomatic cases are diagnosed during routine physical examination.

Diagnosis

Your doctor may diagnose your prostatitis symptoms after a thorough physical examination and extensive analysis of your symptoms. He or she may also recommend blood culture test to look for the presence of bacteria. Analysis of urine and semen samples may also give significant clues. Your doctor may also use a cystoscope to look into your urethra and bladder. The tool consists of a small tube with a light and magnifying lens or camera at the other end.

Treatment

Treatment for prostatitis symptoms depends on the underlying cause. Your doctor may recommend antibiotics to treat bacterial infections. The type and dosage of the medications may vary. Most oral antibiotics are prescribed for four to six weeks. It is very important to complete the course, even if your symptoms improve. Alpha blockers can be prescribed to relax the bladder neck and the muscle fibers. This can relieve the symptoms of painful and frequent urination associated with prostatitis. Your doctor may also take pain relievers to treat the pain. Prostate massage and heat therapy may also help manage prostatitis symptoms.

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