MRSA Infection

November 12, 2012

MRSA Infection

The MRSA infection is due to the particularly resilient bacterium known as staphylococcus. It is most commonly caught in places with poor hygiene and can be difficult treat.

Overview

The MRSI infection can be caught anywhere and by anyone but it most often effects those that spend long period of time in close contact with others and the risk is increased further if that particular environment suffers from low standards of hygiene. The places that seem to be affected by the MRSA infection most commonly include hospitals, prisons and nursing homes. MRSA is a highly resistant form of staphylococcus that is not affected by many form of antibiotic, making it difficult to treat. Medicines that are usually used to treat this kind of infection such as penicillin and cephalosporisns are no longer successful at defending the body and fighting off the MRSA bacterium. The nasal passages as well as the respiratory and urinary tracts are the areas if the body that the bacteria target. They are also able to attack open wounds, which places people spending time in hospital at greater risk.

Symptoms

The MRSA infection will be treated most successfully when it is caught early. One of the initial signs or symptoms of MRSA are small red bumps that are similar in appearance to pimples. In some cases a rash will later develop in the same area and the individual will become feverish. The MRSA bacterium develops and becomes stronger very rapidly, which is why it is essential to seek immediate treatment. Within 72 hours of the initial symptoms appearing, the bacteria will become increasingly resistant to treatment. After this amount of time the symptoms will become worse as the bumps on the skin will become bigger and more painful. They will begin to fill with puss and take on an appearance similar to that of angry boils. So long as the MRSA infection remains localized to the skin and surface tissue, treatment will be effective. Complication can arise when the infection progresses and infects one or more of the body’s systems. At this point the infection becomes much more difficult to treat and can in fact be life threatening.

Complications

When an MRSA infections develops to the point that some of the body systems have been affected, one of the possible complications is infective endocarditis. This is the more common complication but is also severe and is when the bacteria attack the heart valves. Problems at this point will include a fever, heart murmur, impaired immune system and issues with blood clotting. Another potential complication that can develop is a condition called necrotizing fasciitis. This occurs when the bacteria has affected an open wound and is sometimes referred to as flesh eating bacterial syndrome. Symptoms including severe pain, blistering and discoloration and develop incredibly quickly, often in a matter of hours. Pyomyositis is another complication of the MRSA infection, which affects the muscles. Pussy abscesses develop that have to surgically drained and injected directly with antibiotics.

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