Mesothelioma Cancer

November 12, 2012

Mesothelioma Cancer

Mesothelioma cancer, although uncommon is not a rare form of cancer and is mainly caused by exposure to asbestos. It affects the membrane lining of the lungs and abdomen and is normally very aggressive. Mesothelioma cancer produces symptoms very similar to those of other diseases and conditions, often making it hard to correctly diagnose. Although, there is currently no known cure for mesothelioma cancer, there are treatments that can be carried out to improve the patientÂ’s prognosis. A large proportion of cases of mesothelioma cancer are the kind that affects the protective lining of the lungs within the chest cavity and is known as pleural mesothelioma. The rest of the time it is a form called peritoneal mesothelioma, which affects the cardiac cavity or peritoneal mesothelioma, which affects the abdominal cavity. Testicular mesothelioma is an extremely rare form. The severity and prognosis of the mesothelioma cancer, depends on the mesothelioma cell-type that develops, of which there are three, known as epithelial, sarcomatoid and biphasic. The epithelial type is considered less aggressive although often has a poor prognosis. The mesothelial cells, which make up the membrane surrounding the chest cavities, play an important role in aiding the function of our organs such as the heart, lungs and stomach. Lubrication provided by these cells, allow such organs to move freely in order to contract and expand. Mesothelioma cancer can sometimes occur in the form of tumours on the cell membrane, although it is still considered fairly rare with approximately 3000 cases diagnosed per year in the United States. The primary cause of mesothelioma cancer is exposure to asbestos and it most commonly affects men over 60 years old, probably because men were more often exposed to asbestos due to the male-dominated industrial industries. However there have been cases of women and children diagnosed with mesothelioma cancer, most likely because of secondary exposure to asbestos caused by the men bringing their clothes home to be washed. Anyone diagnosed with mesothelioma cancer and are aware that they have been exposed to asbestos may be eligible to compensation from asbestos manufacturers. It can take years for the cancerous mesothelioma cells to develop after being exposed to asbestos. Mesothelioma cancer often has to be diagnosed through a surgical biopsy to identify the type of malignant cells that are present and an MRI or CT scan in order to determine the location and extent of the cancer. It is not uncommon for mesothelioma cancer to be misdiagnosed at first as many of the symptoms are similar to those associated with respiratory conditions. For example chest pain, coughing and blood in the coughed up lung fluid. Once diagnosed, patients will be referred to a specialist, who will be familiar with the most cutting-edge treatments. Although mesothelioma cancer cannot yet be cured there are many treatment available to control and manage it. Chemotherapy, surgery and radiation are all options but the best treatment varies from person to person and depends on the extent and exact location of the cancer. Alternative therapies have also been used and are favoured by some patients for the control of their symptoms.

Tags: , ,

Category: Articles