Lyme Disease In Humans

November 12, 2012

Lyme Disease In Humans

Lyme disease is so called because a number of well documented cases occurred in Lyme, Connecticut in the 1970s. Scientists knew the condition was transmitted via ticks but were not aware of the cause. Lyme disease is a worldwide health problem and exists in three different types of bacteria. As humans we eat to survive and the ticks which cause Lyme disease feed on blood.

Conditions which are related to early onset of Lyme disease are inflammation or bruising increasing in size, muscle pains, fatigue or weakness, a rigid or stiff neck, cold or flu like symptoms, fever and headache. Symptoms of Lyme disease progressing are inflammation, insomnia or brain wave disturbance, fever, severe exhaustion or fatigue, severe headache, altered vision and muscle aches and pains.

Symptoms of Lyme disease can be very similar to other illnesses, such as flu, where symptoms are muscle soreness, nausea and cramping along with a high fever. This can cause difficulty in confirming the diagnosis. Indications of Lyme disease can appear within a couple of days or longer, ranging into months or years. The normal period of incubation is one to two weeks from when the person was bitten by a tick.

One of the first indications of Lyme disease is the emergence of a rash shaped as a large red circle and a red spot in the center. This is known as erythema chronicum migrans (EM). This rash appears at the spot where the bite occurred and the rash appears in approximately 80% of people infected with Lyme disease. Appearance of a rash does not necessarily indicate Lyme disease.

Should the condition travel through the blood stream, there may be an occurrence of different symptoms many of these can be neurological and are called neuroborreliosis. Some of the symptoms which can occur are facial palsy, meningitis encephalitis in a mild form is also common.

If Lyme disease is left untreated, acute neurological symptoms can develop in a small percentage of people, the most severe being paraplegia or schizophrenia. Other more usual symptoms are arthritis, especially in the knees.

If you have been bitten by a tick, contact a medical professional immediately for treatment. Once treatment has been received little or no long lasting damage or complications arise, but should you fail to get treatment, severe neurological effects may be experienced. The sooner the symptoms are treated the less damage caused and long lasting or permanent effects are reduced.

There is a very small variety of ticks which cause Lyme disease and they carry the borrelia burgdorferi bacterium. The ticks burrow their heads into the skin to extract and feed off the blood which in turn may cause Lyme disease.

Antibiotics are normally prescribed in treatment of Lyme disease, but the age and condition of the person, along with the stage at which the condition is found will determine the type of antibiotic administered.

Prevention is always better than cure therefore to reduce the risk of contracting Lyme disease, reduce the risk of being bitten by a tick. It is best to wear clothes which cover all of your skin, thereby preventing ticks burrowing their heads into it. In the United States an area where there is a high risk of ticks is in the Northeast.

Lyme disease is a common inflammatory condition that does not result in the death of the person who has it. It can be treated quite easily, especially if it is diagnosed relatively quickly. Failure to seek medical attention for this condition will result in future neurological problems which may become debilitating.

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