Having an itchy scalp is irritating and uncomfortable and the symptom of a flaking scalp can be embarrassing. There can be many reasons for an itchy scalp developing and also scabs and open wounds. One of the ways to try and get relief from the symptoms is to visit your doctor so that they can offer treatment either in the form of ointment or a particular shampoo.
There is a condition called scalp psoriasis. And this causes the immune system to become overactive and because of this hyper T lymphocytes or T cells are produced. These cells attack the healthy skin cells. T cells normally fight bacteria and viruses but because of psoriasis developing, more white blood cells are entering into the epidermis. This means the skin cells that are healthy reach the surface of the skin too quick. The outcome of this is the appearance of skin patches that are scaly and thick that become itchy and if they are scratched too severely they turn into scabs.
According to studies the scientists are still not clear on what causes this hyperactive behaviour in the T cells in psoriasis but genetics and environment factors are believed to play a part. To treat psoriasis light therapy, ointments and specially formulated shampoos can be used.
The development of an itchy scalp may be caused by the type of shampoo that you use or your conditioner and hair dye products can also be a factor in causing an itchy scalp. If you have allergic contact dermatitis, symptoms can appear as bumps, a red rash and blisters can also appear in severe cases of this form of dermatitis. It is very important not to scratch or burst any of the blisters as this can lead to more irritation of the skin that is affected. Try to avoid contact with your scalp when you are brushing your hair. To treat allergic contact dermatitis find out what product is causing the irritation and once you know what it is stop using it. Treating allergic contact dermatitis may require using oral medicine and hydrocortisone cream and by using these products the symptoms should disappear in between two and four weeks.
Suffering from dandruff is very common and can often be a chronic condition. Dandruff does not normally result in scabs forming but if the itchiness is excessive too much scratching may result in open wounds developing. The common symptom of dandruff is a flaky and itchy scalp.
In most of the cases of people who suffer from dandruff they report that by using shampoos that can be bought over the counter they can reduce the symptoms. Seborrheic dermatitis which is severe dandruff may require shampoos that have been specially formulated in reducing swelling and also offering relief to the redness that sometimes develops.
Many newborn babies can develop a dandruff condition known as cradle cap. A crusty scalp develops but this condition usually disappears within 12 months.