In Vitro Fertilization Surrogacy

November 12, 2012

In Vitro Fertilization Surrogacy

Surrogacy is often the last choice for women who are unable to get pregnant or successfully carry their pregnancy. In vitro fertilization surrogacy aims to solve ethical questions associated with surrogacy.

Indications for IVF Surrogacy

During surrogacy, the infertile couples try to have a baby by artificially inserting the sperm of the male partner into the womb of surrogate women. This baby is the genetic child of the infertile woman’s partner and the surrogate. However, IVF surrogacy creates embryo from the egg and sperm of the infertile couple and transfers it into the womb of the surrogate. In vitro fertilization surrogacy, or IVF surrogacy, will only work for women who have significant eggs in their uterus but are unable to carry the pregnancy due to some congenital defects in the uterus. Women who have medical conditions that make pregnancy life threatening can also undergo this procedure.

Screening the Surrogates

You may choose a woman in your family to carry their baby, or go for a complete stranger. However, you must make sure that the woman would work well with you over the span of IVF surrogacy and pregnancy. The surrogate should also be screened for other conditions including:

  • Medical and family history

  • Physical evaluation

  • Psychological examination

  • Cervical cultures to detect the presence of sexually transmitted diseases

  • Blood tests to check for HIV and hepatitis infections, and for prolactin and thyroid hormone levels

  • An evaluation of uterus to look for defects that may interfere with pregnancy.

Once you find a surrogate who has passed all the screening tests successfully, you should enter a legal agreement with the woman that covers all aspects related to pregnancy, delivery and subsequent child care. Your doctor may help establish certain guidelines that would work for you as well as the woman who has agreed to be your surrogate.

IVF Surrogacy Procedure

Your doctor will evaluate your ovulation cycle and synchronize the menstrual cycle of the surrogate with you. Your eggs will be collected via ultrasound-guided transvaginal aspiration and fertilized with your partner’s sperm. The embryos are observed for three to five days, after which a few healthy ones are transferred into the uterus of the surrogate. Remaining embryos may be preserved by cryopreservation in the event of an unsuccessful transplantation. Prospective parents and surrogates may stay in touch during the pregnancy. However, the extent of involvement may be decided mutually.

Once the baby is born, the surrogate usually hands over the child to you and loses all her legal rights towards the child.

Tags: ,

Category: Articles