Important depression facts

November 12, 2012

Important depression facts

Everyone has a bad day every now and then, which causes the person to feel down. Sometimes you may feel down or sad for a day or two without even really knowing why; and that is ok too. However, when this feeling is still present after a few days without letting up, then this could be down to clinical depression.

Depression can affect everyone

The most important of the depression facts is that it is common is a medical condition, which can affect anyone. It is not a sign of weakness and should not be considered a reflection on the individual or their family and friends. Depression can occur in people of any age, race or gender and may be caused by a number of factors including hormonal changes, chemical imbalances in the brain, medicinal side effects or lifestyle circumstances. It is considered that women are more likely to suffer from depression than men and approximately one in four women will suffer from depression at least one time in their life. It is thought that a large percentage of people suffering from depression never seek any kind of help.

The most common symptoms

Another of the most important depression facts include being aware of the following symptoms:

  • A sad, anxious or empty feeling

  • Unusual sleeping habits such as sleeping too much or too little

  • A loss of appetite and weight loss or alternatively an increase in appetite and weight gain

  • A loss of interest in activities or hobbies that were previously enjoyed

  • A loss of libido

  • Restlessness or irritability

  • Physical symptoms that don¬ít respond to treatment such as headaches and digestive problems

  • Loss of concentration and memory and difficulty in making decisions

  • Fatigue

  • A feeling of hopelessness, worthlessness or guilt

  • Suicidal thoughts

When to go to a doctor?

If you experience a combination of five or more of these symptoms or if your symptoms last for longer than two week, seek help from a doctor or qualified mental health professional. The doctor may decide that tests are needed in order to rule out any other medical conditions.

Causes of depression

Another of the important depression facts is that it can be caused by a variety of things, which could be due to factors including biology if the chemicals in the brain are imbalanced; gender through the hormonal changes in women that are common due to menstruation, pregnancy and the menopause; medications as depression is a common side effect; and genetics if depression is common in the family medical history. Additional depression facts is that cognitive factors are a very common contributor as people with low-self esteem, poor self-confidence or generally negative thinking has also so been proved to increase the likelihood of developing the condition. Of course difficult or traumatic evens in the individuals life such as death of a loved one, divorce or financial difficulties are also very common triggers.

The efficiency of treatment

One of the positive depression facts is that it can be very successfully treated. The most effective treatment varies from case to case but psychotherapy such as support groups and cognitive behavioural therapy has been popular and successful. Antidepressants are also sometimes prescribed to help control the symptoms of depression and are often successful in improving sleep, appetite and concentration.

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