Foot Tendonitis

November 12, 2012

Foot Tendonitis

Foot tendonitis is the name of the condition when the main tendon in the foot becomes inflamed, stretched or torn. There are a number of factors that can contribute to tendonitis.

Overview

Tendons play an important role in the physical structure of a human. They connect muscles to bone and allow joints to bend. There are a number of important tendons in the body but one of the most important and largest is located in the lower leg and is called the posterior tibial tendon. It begins at the top of the calf and stretches all the way down behind the inside of the ankle and is attached to bones in the middle of the foot. If this tendon becomes injured or damages in some way it is called foot tendonitis and can lead to pain and will eventually cause the loss of the arch in your foot and therefore flat foot.

Foot tendonitis Symptoms and diagnosing it

Some of the most common symptoms of foot tendonitis include but are not limited to:

  • Pain and swelling of the inner ankle

  • Loss of the arch of foot leading to flat foot

  • A slowly developing pin on the outer part of the ankle or foot

  • Weakness in the toes to the extent where you cant stand up on them

  • Tenderness across the mid-section of the foot particularly when under stress such as during exercise

Foot tendonitis can happen to anyone as a result of injury. Athletes in particular are at risk as the tendon is more regularly under stress. Additionally foot tendonitis appears to be most common in women over the age of 50 and can also be caused by an inherent abnormality of this particular tendon. There are other factors that can increase the risk of foot tendonitis including:

  • Diabetes

  • Obesity

  • Hypertension

  • Previous surgery or trauma to the ankle area

  • Steroid injections to the area

  • The presence of an inflammatory disease such as Reiter¬ís syndrome, rheumatoid arthritis, spondylosing arthropathy and psoriasis.

In most cases a doctor will be able to diagnose foot tendonitis with a physical exam. The doctor may ask you stand in a variety of positions and he or she will monitor how your foot and ankle react. Following this they may require an x-ray, ultrasound or MRI of the foot.

Treating foot tendonitis

The longer you suffer from foot tendonitis without treating the more painful it will become until the point where you can no longer where shoes. Treatment generally depends on the advancement of the condition but may include non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and complete immobilization of the foot. Some people may require a cast to ensure that no pressure is applied to the foot. In more severe cases surgery may be necessary.

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