Diet plan to control gestational diabetes when pregnant

November 12, 2012

Diet plan to control gestational diabetes when pregnant

Patients who have gestational diabetes can control it effectively and completely by changing diet and adopting a suitable exercise regime.

Changing eating habits if the patient is pregnant and has gestational diabetes is necessary as oral hypoglycemic medicines are not recommended during pregnancy. Before changing to a gestational diabetes diet speak with the doctor to discuss the plans.

Pregnancy is a crucial time to keep healthy levels of blood sugar through the day and into evening. Doctors usually screen for gestational diabetes between weeks 24 and 28 of pregnancy.

Fasting glucose levels have to be lower than 130mgs/deciliter and a two hour postprandial reading, which is after eating, has to be lower than 120mgs/deciliter.

If a doctor has informed a patient that their blood glucose levels are too high then adopting a healthy diet and food choice will certainly be a main priority while pregnant.

An average sized women before pregnancy needs to take between 100 and 300 extra calories in the second and third trimesters. All pregnant women need to have good quality nutrition which contains the vitamins and minerals that are required during a pregnancy. If a patient has gestational diabetes it is important to keep the blood sugar levels at the point that the doctor has recommended.

Listed below is a sample of a gestational diabetes diet:

On the first day have a breakfast with half a cup of 100% fruit juice, two tablespoons of peanut butter and two slices of whole grain toast. A mid morning snack can be an apple and one cup of cottage cheese. Lunch can consist of a cup of lentil (or another bean) soup, one serving of crackers which are whole grain, a cup of baby carrots and 2oz of a low fat cheese. In the middle of the afternoon have one cup of grapes with 20 raw almonds. For dinner serve up 6oz of fish, a cup of steamed broccoli, one cup of brown rice and one cup of milk that is reduced fat. An evening snack can be five cups of plain air popped popcorn.

Day two of a gestational diabetes diet can include for breakfast, one egg scrambled, two egg whites scrambled, one slice of melon, one whole wheat English muffin and a teaspoon of margarine or butter. Mid morning snack can be a quarter cup granola (low fat) and 6oz of yogurt. For lunch two slices of whole grain bread with 2oz of low sodium sliced chicken or turkey, a slice of cheese, tomato slices and lettuce leaves with a tablespoon of mayonnaise or mustard. An apple and a cup of reduced fat milk to finish off. The mid afternoon snack can be a cup of raw vegetables with a quarter cup of humus. Dinner on the second day of the gestational diabetes diet can include 5oz chicken breast grilled, a cup of steamed vegetables, one small baked sweet potato and two tablespoons of sour cream. The evening snack can be a smoothie made from a cup of reduced fat milk, half a cup of strawberries with crushed ice.

When following a diet that has been recommended by the doctor to control gestational diabetes include drinking lots of fluid in the diet especially water.

Having a snack before bed time is an ideal way to reduce the risks of suffering from a hypoglycemic episode. Should the blood glucose levels be high in the morning reduce the carbohydrate intake at breakfast.

By eating smaller amounts of food and at more frequent times helps to stabilize blood glucose levels rather than having only one or two larger portions.

A healthy gestational diabetes diet along with a daily exercise regime may help to reduce any unwanted effects of the diabetes. But before taking part in any diets or exercises the patient should speak with the obstetrician to make sure this can be carried out without causing them injury or harm to the unborn baby.

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