Cosmetic Procedures and Wrinkles

November 12, 2012

Cosmetic Procedures and Wrinkles

Wrinkles come with the territory. You’ve put a few years on the clock and it’s just the body’s way of showing a little bit of wear and tear. Most people are actually comfortable with how they look, saying that they are happy may be just a bit too much of an exaggeration. Wrinkles are caused by many different factors, some we have control over, like smoking and others we have no control over, like aging or genetics. Some people are just naturally more wrinkled, it’s in their body’s building blocks. You can get two people the same age, with the same lifestyles and one will be more wrinkled. Life is just not fair!

What Causes Wrinkles?

We all know that wrinkles are caused by aging. Skin cells divide more slowly as the aging process continues and the dermis gets thinner. The dermis is the lower or inner layer of the two main layers of cells that make up the skin. It has blood vessels, hair follicles, and sweat glands and sebum, an oily substance that helps keep the skin from drying out. The sebum production process becomes less effective in older age and the protein which allows the skin to stretch loses it elasticity. The skin is also less able to keep moisture. All of these things contribute to wrinkles forming.

Your face has many small muscles which are used to change facial expressions. ‘crows feet’, lines coming from the side of the eye and ‘frown lines’, these are the lines between the eyebrows which are commonly seen when someone frowns become more common because the muscles used to form expressions become more prominent. This all adds to the skin being stretched over time but then as we are older it cannot return to its original size causing jowls and saggy eyes.

Photoaging is the name give to skin which has prematurely aged because it has been in the sun for too long. The collagen fibres in the skin are damaged by the ultraviolet radiation and produce too much elastin. Although ultraviolet light can damage the skin there is an enzyme called metalloproteinase which works to reform the collagen. However some healthy collagen fibers are damaged every time the process occurs and in many people the process has been repeated a very high number of times. Wrinkles are known to develop over these damaged areas of skin.

Smoking blocks the process where healthy skin continually renews itself. When the body is working normally old collagen is broken down and eliminated and new collagen is formed. If you are a smoker then you will have a large reduction in new collagen being made. It is this reduction in new collagen that results in the production of wrinkles earlier.

What Are the Treatment Options for Wrinkles?

With advances in science some things can be done about wrinkles. Initially you can try the over the counter creams available. If this does not give the improvement you wanted then go to the doctor and try the prescription treatments such as retinoids. This treatment works by increasing the production of new collagen and stimulating new blood vessels in the skin which reduces fine lines and wrinkles and minimizes roughness whilst improving skin color. Renova and Retin – A are two common brand names.

If the benefits with retinoids are not enough for you then the treatment becomes more involved. It can mean dermabrasion whereby layers of skin are scraped away which reduces wrinkles and gives a smoother skin. The removing of the layer of skin can be carried out by a scraper or by use of chemicals or the more modern practitioners now use lasers. You should expect to be unwell for a few days after these procedures.

If you do not want to have a recovery time associated with your treatment then use of a non-ablative laser may be helpful. This works by heating the dermis and encouraging collagen growth. This process for treating wrinkles leaves the top layers of skin unbroken but results are not as dramatic as ablative lasers which carry out the dermabrasion.

Injections like botox collagen can also be successful in treating wrinkles. Whatever treatment you are considering you should visit you doctor first and discuss the options most suitable for you.

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