Common symptoms of hypertension

November 12, 2012

Common symptoms of hypertension

Hypertension is the name given to the condition when your blood pressure is higher than normal for a period of 6 months. The symptoms and there severity varies from each individual, sometimes making it difficult to diagnose. Having your blood pressure taken by a doctor will confirm whether or not you have hypertension.

Hypertension can put a strain on your heart, as it has to work harder in order to receive enough oxygen. This process can also cause artery walls to harden. If you have hypertension for a long time without realising it, these problems will get progressively worse. There are often no symptoms until it is too late and your organs will continue to get damages without showing any external signs. This is why it is important to regularly have your blood pressure checked. Hypertension is more common in men than women and also in elderly people more than young. It is also thought to run in the family so if you are aware of a family history of hypertension make sure to attend regular check ups.

The most severe form of hypertension is called malignant hypertension and 1 out of every 200 people with hypertension have this kind. Again it is more common in men than women but it is also more common in black people than white people and is often found in poorer economic circles. The symptoms of hypertension in this form are very severe and often lead to death within 6 months of symptoms occurring.

Symptoms of hypertension, particularly primary hypertension is very rare. However in cases that do produce symptoms, these are the things to look out for.

  • Chronic headaches lasting for days rather than hours

  • Vertigo or dizziness

  • Blurred or double vision

  • Feeling drowsy

  • Shortness of breath, which is often one of the last symptoms to occur

  • Heart palpitations

  • Nausea

  • Fatigue

  • A red or flushed face

  • A sudden tendency to have nosebleeds

  • A strong and frequent need to urinate

  • A ringing or buzzing sound in the ears

If you begin to experience any of these symptoms of hypertension, make an appointment to see the doctor and make sure to have your blood pressure taken. The earlier the symptoms of hypertension are spotted, the earlier they can be treated.

Hypertension caused by another condition is known as secondary hypertension. It is a particularly common condition of people with kidney disorders. This is because it is the job of the kidneys to get rid of excess salt and water from the body. When there is an imbalance, it causes blood pressure to increase. This is not the only condition that can lead to secondary hypertension, however and only an expert will be able to provide an accurate diagnosis.

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