Category: Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome

Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome

Acquired immunodeficiency Syndrome

(AIDS) AIDS is a medical diagnosis by a physician of a set of symptoms or conditions based on specific criteria established by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These criteria include infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and either the presence of one or more defined AIDS indicator diseases or other indicators of [...]

July 28, 2011 More

HIV transmission

HIV can be transmitted through blood, semen (including pre-seminal fluid or “pre-cum”), vaginal fluid, or breast milk. The most common modes are: sexual intercourse (anal, vaginal, or oral sex) with an HIV-infected person; sharing needles, syringes, or injection equipment with an injecting drug user (IDU) infected with HIV; and from HIV-infected women to babies before [...]

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HIV testing

HIV testing

The only way to determine for sure whether someone is infected is to be tested for HIV infection. Many people who are infected with HIV do not have any symptoms for many years. The tests commonly used detect antibodies produced by the body to fight HIV. Most people will develop detectable antibodies within 3 months [...]

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State of the HIV/AIDs epidemic

Worldwide, the World Health Organization estimates that the number of people living with HIV/AIDS is rapidly approaching 50 million, of whom almost 50% are women. In several regions of the world, the proportion of women exceeds 50%. The United Nations AIDS (UNAIDS) program estimates that 5 million new HIV infections occurred in 2001, or approximately [...]

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Preventing HIV transmission

Preventing HIV transmission

Abstaining from engagement in any behavior that carries risk of acquiring HIV (e.g., sexual intercourse or using and injecting drugs) is the most effective way to avoid HIV, but not always the most realistic. To minimize risk for those who choose to be sexually active, the CDC recommends the following: engage in sex that does [...]

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Care and treatment

The field of HIV/AIDS care is advancing at a breathtaking speed. New developments are rapidily superseded by even newer data. Recommendations for antiretroviral treatment and alternative regimens continue to evolve as new medications are developed and additional data from clinical trials is presented. As a consequence, treatment protocols will not be described here in deference [...]

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Social/Psychosocial challenges and needs

Many social/psychosocial issues, including homosexuality, drug use, mental illness, racism, homelessness, and poverty, are linked inextricably to the context of HIV/AIDS by association with the communities that it has heavily impacted, in addition to the clinical challenges of the disease itself and its toll on the health and well-being of those infected. For many women [...]

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